Oil Refinery Companies

Refining NZ has been New Zealand's only oil refinery for over 50 years, we are a critical piece of energy infrastructure for the country, a major economic and social contributor to the Northland region and to our local community. Dangote Oil Refinery, a company owned by the Nigeria-based Dangote Group, is developing the project with an estimated investment of $12bn. is operating and to fulfill. This downstream energy sector report, 'Oil Refining. Malaysia holds a total refining capacity of 27 million MT per year. With the expansion and development of the Egyptian economy, the domestic demand for refined petroleum products, especially diesel, has increased. The Navajo Refinery is located in Artesia, New Mexico and has a crude oil capacity of 100,000 barrels per day. Main Street, just north of Lomita Boulevard. EPC Scope of Work for Modular Oil Refinery. Below is a list of the major refining companies around the world, in rank order based on their ownership of total refining distillation capacity as of the beginning of 2019. Our chemical treatment programs and services reduce refinery feedstock cost and improve feedstock selection flexibility. Plant practices, warnings, and emergency procedures must be observed at all times. 1 million barrels per day, making it the largest global independent petroleum refiner -- tops among refiners that don't also drill for oil. James, Inc. 31 on the current Fortune 500 list, and is still based in its. Other products include heating oil, jet fuel, olefins feedstocks, aromatics, lubricants and petroleum coke. Image courtesy of Marathon Petroleum Corporation. Malaysia Oil Refinery Sdn Bhd Level 15. Following is the list of Top 10 Largest Refining Companies In USA as per Oil and Gas Journal, 2010-11: *Includes partial interests in refineries not wholly owned by the company. Tema Oil Refinery Ltd. It is an excellent petrochemical equipment manufacture which owns the ability of making GradeA1,GradeA2 pressure vessel and GradeA2 design. Refinery Directions: View directions (PDF format). Kern Oil & Refining Company, Bakersfield Refinery. James, Inc. LUKOIL Group integrates four refineries in Russia (in Perm, Volgograd, Nizhny Novgorod, and Ukhta), along with three refineries in Europe (in Italy, Romania, and Bulgaria), and has a 45% interest in a refinery in the Netherlands. 250,000,000. Figure 1 shows a. It is headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, and its common shares are publicly traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol HSE. to Phillips 66. We buy, refine and assay all forms of gold, silver, platinum and palladium. 7 million barrels per day in 2014. The oil-producing countries send raw crude oil to the oil importing countries including the United States, India, South Korea and China. chapter twelve the buffalo case. 1924, Kentucky: Having encountered some financial difficulties, Swiss Oil was reorganized on January 26, 1924 under the name Ashland Refining Company to be run by Paul Blazer. Crude oil refineries employ some of the United States' top scientists, engineers, and safety professionals to ensure that products are produced efficiently and safely. Reviews (419) 693-0415 Website. Refining NZ has been New Zealand's only oil refinery for over 50 years, we are a critical piece of energy infrastructure for the country, a major economic and social contributor to the Northland region and to our local community. Companies that refine oil manufacture it into a number of petroleum products, including gasoline, jet fuel and diesel. Whether you have a fresh startup, scheduled oil refinery maintenance, turnarounds, or an emergency situation, PetrolinkUSA is here to help with our refinery preventive maintenance. Sold: Bankrupt Philadelphia oil refinery goes to a real estate company. We provide expertise and commitment to safety and quality that is unsurpassed in the industry. 0 6 assam guwahati 1. Mel Falcon. The refinery itself is the old Douglas Oil refinery, if your Los Angeles or energy roots go back a ways — and at one point it was owned by Conoco and then DuPont after the Conoco acquisition — before being spun-off as the Paramount Refinery and ultimately being acquired by Alon USA and then Delek. BP today set a new ambition to become a net zero company by 2050 or sooner, and to help the world get to net zero. It also addresses the issue of environmental risks in the industry and possible accidents that may arise from its activities. Coffeyville Resources Refining & Marketing, Coffeyville Resources Crude Transportation, Wynnewood Refining Company and Coffeyville Resources Pipeline are subsidiaries of CVR Refining, LP (NYSE: CVRR). Maybe you saw one near a freeway in California, Louisiana, or Texas? The average person would be hard-pressed to say that a refinery is an attractive structure with all their steel towers and tubes and pipes. The company is ranked third in our list of biggest oil companies in the world with a revenue of 428. Oil Refinery Co. In 2002 OOONEFT received a license to develop in 2003. is operating and to fulfill. Nippon Oil and Idemitsu Kosan are the other major oil refining companies in the country. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Official Energy Statistics from the U. The areas of activity of the different Hunt companies include oil and gas exploration and production, refining, LNG, power, real estate, investments, ranching and infrastructure. The oil refining process is the central activity of downstream oil and gas companies. 9 million barrels per day of refined petroleum products, more than any other country. Midland Oil Refinery Ltd has provided oil, solvent, chemical regeneration and distillation services to industry for over 50 years. The Gulf Oil Corp. to Phillips 66. It is the largest industrial project ever implemented by the Indian corporate sector. 0 7 assam digboi 0. Physical Address: 3001 Marshall Ave. India’s refining capacity had also witnessed a CAGR of 3. The company’s vision is to be an innovative international hydrocarbon processing company of choice. Sulphur dioxide (SO 2) Crude oil and coal both contain relatively high quantities of sulphur. Sourcing Guide for Oil Refinery: China manufacturing industries are full of strong and consistent exporters. Board of Directors. (Charter Oil Co. Government Refining crude oil - refinery rankings - U. By Neil McElwee. and Signal Oil & Gas, a joint ownership. Menu & Reservations Make Reservations. Its sales markets cover 27 provinces in China. They decided to get into the refining business and easily obtained a lease to the shut-down refinery at Lyon's Station from the financially troubled Los Angeles Petroleum Refining Company. This refinery was established in 1978 with a capacity of 100,000 barrels per day. The monthly test of the Community Alert Sirens will be conducted on: Wednesday, February 5, 2020 (at approximately 11. Glassdoor gives you an inside look at what it's like to work at U S Oil & Refining, including salaries, reviews, office photos, and more. In the spring of 2003, Tabriz Oil Refining Company became engaged in a project known as the Caspian Sea Republics Oil Swap (CROS), involving the processing of crude oil belonging to the countries of the Caspian Sea region. Refining volumes at German refineries in 2018 amounted to 11. The oil and gas refining segment has been the biggest beneficiary of oil's low-price environment. In 1956, the Kendall Refinery capacity was 3,800 barrels a day. KINETIC ENERGY enterprise has beautiful environment,and complete infrastructure. Staatsolie is located in Suriname, the hidden treasure of South America. • Li Ka-shing owns the most stake in Husky. “The project requires $ 5 billion investment. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Official Energy Statistics from the U. US refineries process about 17 million barrels of crude oil a day. This refinery was established in 1978 with a capacity of 100,000 barrels per day. Company List. 7 3 west bengal haldia 7. After extraction from the ground, processing at oil refineries is the second step in the production of different petroleum products. Integrated Oil and Gas. Par Pacific Holdings Inc. Refineries typically have these departments: Operations - they operate the refinery units and try to make target production Maintenance - they fix broken equipment and try to persuade operations to use procedures that prevent breaking equipment En. 0 6 assam guwahati 1. 36% between 2009-10 and 2018-19. Its floor space has 78,000 square meters,and its area of structure has 38,000 square meters. #N#2019 Top 250 Companies. Information for AEC professionals on the construction of oil refineries, including estimated project costs, listings of companies specializing in oil refinery construction, and building products used in the construction of oil refineries. Royal Dutch Shell plc. The site is strategically located near the PARCO White Oil Pipeline Terminal, PSO’s Zulfiqarabad Pipri Oil Terminal (ZOT) and PSO’s Marshalling Yard. Incorporated in May 2006, Malaysia Oil Refinery Sdn. Apex’s subsidiaries and divisions include: Apex Towing Company, providing tugboat and barge cargo services. GEO is a set of free interactive databases and tools built collaboratively by people like you. US Oil began operating the refinery on Tacoma’s industrial port in the 1950s, but on November 28, 2018, its owners sold the facility to a company called Par Pacific Holdings for $340 million. Looking for oilfield jobs? We're your one stop spot for oilfield jobs, oilfield news, oilfield learning and more. The merger of Exxon and Mobil in 1999 resulted in the renaming of the company’s Torrance refinery  as the. Oil Refinery in Corpus Christi on YP. continentalrefiningco. Throughout the U. Crude Oil Specifications. Its authorized share capital is Rs. Volatile oil prices, regulatory uncertainty, and new technologies have hit the oil and gas and utility sectors hard, but six companies have managed to thrive. HD-Petroleum™ has developed a small-scale waste oil regeneration unit, providing a profitable and sustainable solution for the recycling of waste oil. Government Refining crude oil - refinery rankings - U. Atmospheric crude oil distillation -- The refining process of separating. It is a diversified company with each of its segments behaving differently under various oil prices. Company List Bangladesh Oil Refinery. 7 million metric ton per annum to 150 million metric ton per annum by 2030. ExxonMobil reported average petroleum product sales of 5. Scott also got permission from Colonel Baker to drill for oil at Pico Springs in return for 1/8th of the oil. The Atlantic Refining Co. The Gulf Oil Corp. Tacoma, WA 98421. Marathon Petroleum's corporate predecessor, Marathon Oil, co-owned or owned the refinery and SuperAmerica from 1997 to 2010. These transactions. Incorporated in May 2006, Malaysia Oil Refinery Sdn. Reviews (419) 693-0415 Website. , handles the initial crude purchases and logistics. See more of our latest thinking on refining and petrochemicals. See salaries, compare reviews, easily apply, and get hired. KIPIC is constructing a new world-class grass roots refinery in Kuwait to produce low sulfur fuel oil to replace high sulfur fuel oil used in local power plants. An additional 154 people, including both refinery workers and spectators at the scene were injured. states have oil refineries located in them although the only oil refinery located in Virginia is shut down. ExxonMobil is one of the world’s largest publicly traded international oil and gas companies. Introduction. Therramus's forecasts early last year at Oil-Price. Subsidiaries of HollyFrontier produce and market gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, asphalt, heavy products and specialty lubricant products. Under the auspices of national project, Gazprom Neft is putting in place new catalyst production facilities, developing unique innovative technology. BP's Whiting refinery BP's ( BP ) 130-year-old Whiting refinery has a processing. oil refining industry, major oil companies list, oil and gas companies, crude oil stocks, packaging companies, container companies, packaging stocks, packaging sector,. Outlook of Country Oil Refining Industry and refined petroleum products beyond 2017 Forecasts of refined products production and consumption along with major refining companies, and operators. THE ONLY OIL REFINERY IN UFD. Chesdeg Company Limited is set up to undertake businesses in the upstream, midstream and downstream sectors of the oil and gas industry in Ghana. The Onsan Refinery at Ulsan in South Korea is the fifth largest oil refinery in the world with a processing capacity of 669,000bpd. It would have been the first oil refinery built by the company. 62 billion dollars. When the price of oil began to collapse in 2014, the refining segment became by far the most profitable segment for Phillips 66 as low oil prices improved the demand for oil products and boosted refining margins. Elements of a Refinery Model. fuels marketing and refining assets. Kern County Refinery Inc. Find oil refinery companies stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The company ranks No. GEO is a set of free interactive databases and tools built collaboratively by people like you. Its sales markets cover 27 provinces in China. Jamnagar Refinery in India is the largest Oil refinery in Asia and World as well with daily production capacity of 1,240,000 barrels, The SK Energy Co. Mentioned is the way you can write Oil Refinery Resume Template. Iraq signs contract for Kirkuk oil refinery February 9, 2018 Company News , Crude Oil , Government , Middle East , News 0 The Iraqi oil ministry said Thursday it has approved plans for the construction of a new crude oil refinery in the country, with the capacity to process 70,000 barrels per day (BPD) of crude, Kallanish Energy learns. LTD - Manufacturer, Exporter, Service Provider and Supplier of Oil Refinery Plant, Edible Oil Refinery Plant, Vegetable Oil Refinery Plant, Palm Oil Refining Plant and Batch Refining Line from Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Vegetable oil refining Six vegetable oils and fats refineries in the port of Rotterdam make the port a major player in the supply of edible oils to the European food industry. Surprisingly, a group of oil refineries are able to survive a world of sub-$40 oil, and now that crude has risen to over $43, these refineries are astoundingly underpriced. Acquisition of Gulf Oil Company's Calumet City, Illinois facilities to build Polystyrene Plant. 26Mbpd of liquids and 9. The Dangote refinery will process a variety of light and medium grades of crude to produce Euro-V quality clean fuels including gasoline and diesel as well as jet fuel and polypropylene. 31 on the current Fortune 500 list, and is still based in its. Involved in crude oil refining and distribution. Petroleum refineries convert crude oil and other liquids into many petroleum products that people use every day. · Oil Ministry, Saudi Company Discuss Exploration. For over 60 years, our process engineers have been leading experts in complex crude oil refinery processes, including distillation, fractionation and hydrocracking, and understand how to get the best results – gasolines, diesel fuel, jet fuel, lubricating oils, bitumen, and other petroleum products. Citgo has long been a subsidiary of PDVSA, the Venezuelan state oil company. His team of specialized contractors from Houston-based JE Merit had. Equilon Enterprises LLC d/b/a Shell Oil Products US (Shell), a subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell plc announced today that it has formally closed on the sale of Shell’s Martinez Refinery in California to PBF Holding Company LLC (PBF), a subsidiary of PBF Energy, Inc. This article will give an overview of the top oil and gas companies based on production volume. publicly traded palm oil arm, with 32 palm oil plantations in Malaysia and Indonesia. This organization primarily operates in the Petroleum Bulk Stations business / industry within the Wholesale Trade - Nondurable Goods sector. Ponca City Refinery. Saudi Aramco, the kingdom's state-owned oil behemoth, took 100% control of the sprawling Port Arthur refinery in Texas on Monday. can provide your business with a recycling alternative for oil absorbent materials. 87 and each refinery has been built to process a cer-tain type of crude oil (or “slate” of crudes) to pro-duce the products required for a defined market. The further Company development was still questionable, as it couldn’t increase production and refining at the cost of available oil fields and refineries. The Company was founded by longtime resident and well-known oil & gas pioneer in North Dakota Mr. first opened for business in 1870 at Point Breeze. Shell is a global group of energy and petrochemical companies. Welcome to the home page of the Bahrain Petroleum Company B. A billowing fire and series of explosions at a South Philadelphia oil-refining complex, the largest on the Eastern Seaboard, shook homes as far away as southern New Jersey on Friday morning. We possess technological expertise in the manufacturing of Edible Oil Refinery Plants and Vegetable Oil Refinery Plants. By 1924 the refinery was in operation. EMCOR Industrial Services (EIS) excels at complex turnaround and project execution for the refining and petrochemical industries. Refinery & transportation pipelines & companies 1918 old - KXJEJT from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Most refineries focus on producing transportation fuels. SKM Industries, LLC 4501 Magnolia Cove Drive, Suite 201 Kingwood, Texas 77345. · China-Russia oil pipeline scheduled for running on. Some of the refined products include gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, heating fuels, lubricants, natural gas, as well as hundreds of petrochemicals. We invest in early scale companies – bridging the gap and mentoring our teams between post-seed and Series A funding. Crude oil is transported by sea to the refinery's modern marine terminal, which handles around 2,000 ship movements and 22 million tonnes of crude oil and other products every year. Our machinery is suitable for crushing and refining of all types of oil seeds such as groundnut, sunflower, soyabean, palm kernel, mustard, copra, sesame seed, rapeseed, linseed, cotton seed etc. A billowing fire and series of explosions at a South Philadelphia oil-refining complex, the largest on the Eastern Seaboard, shook homes as far away as southern New Jersey on Friday morning. We also issue checks once per year for interest payments under $50 with a $5 minimum requirement. For the next three decades, the Torrance facility was known as the Mobil Oil Refinery. Oil Refinery This business specializes in refining and processing crude oil and jet fuel as well as designing and constructing refineries, term…. El Segundo Refinery provides jobs for more than 1,100 Chevron employees and 500 contractors, covers approximately 1,000 acres, has more than 1,100 miles of pipelines, and is capable of refining 290 thousand barrels of crude oil per day. Most refineries focus on producing transportation fuels. He was the second person to die in the blast and ensuing fire on Thursday, March 27, 1969 at the refinery at 24721 S. The United States Oil Refining Industry 2019-2025: Companies, Capacities and Market Share - ResearchAndMarkets. The refinery supplies 600-700 thousand tons of naphtha annually as a raw material for the thermal decomposition unit of the Angarsk polymer plant, which produces a wide range of petrochemical products, and is owned and operated by Rosneft. Ryazan Oil Refining Company Joint Stock Company (JSC RORC) ensures the Company's presence in the Central Federal District and is the largest oil refinery in the region. Multi-national petrochemical company. Small Oil Refinery. CITGO Petroleum Corporation, the official fuel sponsor of the 124th Boston Marathon, is sending 10 first responders from its operational areas to run the historic race on April 20, 2020. BP today set a new ambition to become a net zero company by 2050 or sooner, and to help the world get to net zero. Dominion Resources, Inc. In 1953, Kendall was the first to market 10W-30 motor oil. US refineries process about 17 million barrels of crude oil a day. 9 million barrels per day of refined petroleum products, more than any other country. Refinery oil products and byproducts of the production. The low-stress way to find your next texas oil refinery job opportunity is on SimplyHired. Edible Oil Refinery Plant Manufacturers & Exporters. 5mbd in 2018. Atlantic Refining, whose predecessor firms date back to the 1850s, was incorporated in 1870 and, after 1892, became one of the eastern companies of the Standard Oil Trust. and became listed on Hong Kong Stock Exchange in 1994. · China-Russia oil pipeline scheduled for running on. Oil Refinery Process The crude vegetable oil from above mentioned two ways of extracting, oil pressing and/or solvent extraction, will be pumped into oil refinery unit to produce Jiangsu Honggang Industries Co. On average, U. It is the parent company of CITGO Petroleum, which owns Lake Charles. The Mexican state-owned petroleum company Petróleos Mexicanos, also known as Pemex, had a crude oil refining capacity of 1. We’re family owned and operated, brought together more than six decades ago in the petroleum industry’s service sectors. HOUSTON – February 11, 2020 – CITGO Petroleum Corporation announced the appointment of Jack Lynch as the company’s new Chief Compliance & Ethics Officer. Energy Oil And Gas Oil Refinery Drilling Rigs Drilling Contractors Pipeline Contractors Pipeline Inspection 50 states + DC Description The U. Tacoma, WA 98421. Vegetable oil refining Six vegetable oils and fats refineries in the port of Rotterdam make the port a major player in the supply of edible oils to the European food industry. Refurbishment of southern gas project gas turbine train in GC 23 & up gradation to dry gas seals in 5 compressors in GC 17 for Dresser rand at abudhabi, UAE. The country’s first oil refinery, Kam International Oil, was established in August of this year. What sets the company apart is that it's one of the leaders in refining heavy Canadian crude oil, which has traditionally sold at a steep discount to oil produced in the U. 26Mbpd of liquids and 9. Finally, Kazakhstan's state oil company, Kazakhoil (now Kazmunaigaz) purchased 60% of the Kherson oil refinery in November 2001. Takreer's main objective is to develop the refining industry in the UAE which started with the inauguration of Abu Dhabi Refinery (ex. Used engine oil can be recycled and re-refined. By The Dallas-based company was waiting for access to the site to investigate the. Nigerian Petroleum Development Company - Lagos. The Sakai refinery began operations in October 1968. From the 1930s to the 1970s it was common that oil refinery vessels contained highly flammable materials, and therefore needed to. #N#Over 30 independently owned locations operated under our Keystone brand. Refinery Directions: View directions (PDF format). 0 7 assam digboi 0. Notable Companies are Oil and Gas Development Company (OGDCL), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Oil & Gas Company Limited (KPOGCL), Pakistan petroleum Limited (PPL), Pak Arab Refinery Limited PARCO, Pakistan Oilfields (POL), Attock Oil Refinery (ARL), Pakistan State Oil (PSO), OMV. The Vadinar refinery (in Gujarat) is India's second largest single-site, state of the art refinery, which constitutes approximately 8% of India's refining capacity. ExxonMobil - $290. Even with the recent lower oil price trend, it's inevitable that energy costs will fluctuate and potentially rise again - including natural gas!. India’s refining capacity had also witnessed a CAGR of 3. Los Angeles Refinery. #N#Over 30 independently owned locations operated under our Keystone brand. has 4 of the world's largest refineries with one in Port Arthur, Texas, one each in Baytown, TX, Garyville, LA, and Baton Rouge, LA with a refining capacity of 600,000. From the beginning, Meridian Energy Group, Inc. Hurricane Harvey on Friday slammed the epicenter of Texas' refining industry, which processes about a third of America's oil. Oil Refinery This business specializes in refining and processing crude oil and jet fuel as well as designing and constructing refineries, term…. Fourth: Yemen Company for oil Refinery: Mareb refinery was established in 1986 with a production capacity amounting to 10,000 barrel per day, production includes gasoline, diesel, matzoth and naphtha to supply petroleum materials for petroleum activities in block No. Oil refining processes are the chemical engineering processes and other facilities used in petroleum refineries (also referred to as oil refineries) to transform crude oil into useful products such as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), gasoline or petrol, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil and fuel oils. A combination of innovative new technologies together with best world. The owner of the Geelong oil refinery is weighing whether to proceed as planned with a $100 million investment in its future as the coronavirus outbreak wipes out fuel demand and guts refining. 10 - Green Mamba Oil Refinery - Pretoria. This is a list of oil refineries. San Francisco Refinery. Oil Refinery - Ikoyi (Lagos) Mineral Oil, Mining Companies, Services Industry, Energy Services. To deliver the ambition, we will fundamentally reorganize to become more focused, more integrated and to face the energy transition head on. Under the auspices of national project, Gazprom Neft is putting in place new catalyst production facilities, developing unique innovative technology. ★ Malaysia Refining Company Sdn Bhd ★ C/O Petronas Penapisan (Melaka) Sdn Bhd Bangunan Pentadbiran Persiaran Penapisan, Sungai Udang, Melaka Darul Azim, petronas. Last year Fortum 3 BV 100 percent subsidiary of Fortum Oyj, Finland with Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL), an Indian state-owned oil Refinery Company and Chempolis, a Finnish technology company had signed a joint venture for building and operating a biorefinery in Assam. the standard buys three-fourths of the vacuum oil works of rochester — two vacuum employees establish buffalo lubricating oil company and take with them an experienced stillman from the vacuum — the buffalo lubricating oil company has an explosion and the stillman suddenly leaves — the buffalo lubricating oil company is sued by vacuum for infringement of. There are various Oil & Gas Companies in Pakistan. Integrated Oil and Gas. From Business: Founded in 1998, Motiva Enterprises is a joint venture of Saudi Refining and Shell Oil Company that refines, distributes and markets oil products. 87 and each refinery has been built to process a cer-tain type of crude oil (or “slate” of crudes) to pro-duce the products required for a defined market. 2 million barrels per day. Petroleum Refinery Services. The Oil and Gas Journal[1] also publishes a worldwide list of refineries annually in a country-by-country tabulation that includes for each refinery: location, crude oil daily processing capacity, and the size of each process unit in the refinery. UPDATE 3-Worker at California's largest oil refinery tests positive for coronavirus -sources Jim Cramer says he could see '9 or 10' oil companies going bankrupt if. It is operated by Cosmo Oil. IRL’s refinery site is located near Port Qasim on the Main National Highway, approximately 21 kilometers from FOTCO Oil Jetty. Bayway Refinery. It is headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, and its common shares are publicly traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol HSE. Gasoline – High octane fuels are our business. In 1944, Carter Oil Company bought the Billings refinery from Yale Oil Company. The Complete List of Oil Refinery and Marketing Stocks Trading on NASDAQ as of Mar 9, 2020 are listed below: Download List: The Complete List of Oil Refining Marketing Stocks on the NASDAQ (in Excel) Back to Stocks Lists. Reports on Voting From the 2020 Shareholders Meeting: 5/6. The Gulf Oil Corp. Besides, the company is also ranked as the 3rd largest natural gas company in the world with a production. (Privately Held): 1976-1982 Kern Oil & Refining Co: 1982-Present 26,000 Lunday Thagard Oil Company (subsidiary of World Oil Company), South Gate Refinery 1937 Lunday Thagard Oil Co: 1937-Present 8,500. 5/6 - 10:21 PM - TORC Oil & Gas Ltd. Purchase Requisitions. Company History & Highlights. refineries produce, from a 42-gallon barrel of crude oil, about 19 to 20 gallons of motor gasoline , 11 to 12 gallons of distillate fuel , most of which is. Ergon is a company that works. US Oil and Refining Company Production. Croix is on schedule to resume refining oil by year’s end, according to Limetree Bay Ventures, parent company of Limetree Bay Terminals and Limetree Bay Refining. Upstream This relates to obtaining crude oil and gas from natural resources and. See salaries, compare reviews, easily apply, and get hired. We refine the oil that is produced by other ADNOC companies, and operate the largest single refinery in the Middle East. MOL Group is a leading international, integrated oil and gas company from Hungary, the heart of Europe, with over 75 years of experience and a proven track record. Introduction. leading company in Supplying Industrial Automation , Spare Parts, Machinery , Equipment for : Oil, Gas, Petrochemical, Oil Refinery, Mineral Process and Steel Industries With 15 years of experiences. We're family owned and operated, brought together more than six decades ago in the petroleum industry's service sectors. It would import heavy crude oil from Venezuela, then refine it and distribute it throughout the United States. , terminal located on the Mississippi River in Louisiana. June 26, 2019. LUKOIL Group integrates four refineries in Russia (in Perm, Volgograd, Nizhny Novgorod, and Ukhta), along with three refineries in Europe (in Italy, Romania, and Bulgaria), and has a 45% interest in a refinery in the Netherlands. It is simple-to-operate, easy-to-start, and easy-to-shut down. Crude oil is delivered to Tosco by pipeline from Oklahoma oil fields. We passionately contribute to the advancement of Suriname. The Brisneyland Oil Refinery Company is provided last three months dataset, which is including with the last three months cost price of oil and also shipping charge or cost for prt barrel of oil. Shell finalizes sale of Martinez Refinery. Full Article » 4 oil price predictions for 2019 By Steve Austin, 2019/01/07. It was established in 1982 by EGPC, which owns 100% of its shares. By 1948, the number of operating refineries shrunk to 14 (down from 20 in 1935). Byco installed its first oil refinery with a 30,000-barrels-a-day capacity at Mouza Kund, Hub Balochistan, and began commercial production on 1 July 2004 producing liquefied petroleum gas, light naphtha, heavy naphtha, high-octane blending component, motor gasoline, kerosene, jet fuels, high speed diesel, and furnace oil. Following is the list of Top 10 Largest Refining Companies In USA as per Oil and Gas Journal, 2010-11: *Includes partial interests in refineries not wholly owned by the company. 62 billion dollars. ExxonMobil - $290. Kentucky Oil & Refining strives to lead Eastern Kentucky in Fuel & Oil Supplies. 9 Lukoil: 144. In 1909, the Franco-Wyoming Oil Company was organized by French and Belgian interests under Delaware law. The Atlantic Refining Co. Refinery outages include facilities run by Exxon Mobil, Citgo, Petrobras, Flint Hills, Magellan, Buckeye, Shell, Phillips 66 and Valero Energy, according to the U. The State of Process Safety in the Unionized U. -Canadian oil company Husky Energy is buying Superior's oil refinery for $435 million. Last year Fortum 3 BV 100 percent subsidiary of Fortum Oyj, Finland with Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL), an Indian state-owned oil Refinery Company and Chempolis, a Finnish technology company had signed a joint venture for building and operating a biorefinery in Assam. The company’s vision is to be an innovative international hydrocarbon processing company of choice. 69 Oil Refinery jobs available in Houston, TX on Indeed. The Company was founded by longtime resident and well-known oil & gas pioneer in North Dakota Mr. Fill your diesel storage tanks and shut the plant down until it’s needed again. Hello, refinery margin = refined product price - (crude price + cost) outside of basic considerations of supply and demand affected by price, a very important part is refinery cost. The United Steelworkers union said on Saturday the strike by U. By Associated Press , Wire Service Content May 30, 2019 By Associated Press , Wire. This list of major petroleum refineries companies includes the largest and most profitable petroleum refineries businesses, corporations, agencies, vendors and firms in the world. Flint Hills Resources is a recipient of the. Swellendam. LTD - Manufacturer, Exporter, Service Provider and Supplier of Oil Refinery Plant, Edible Oil Refinery Plant, Vegetable Oil Refinery Plant, Palm Oil Refining Plant and Batch Refining Line from Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. EMCOR Industrial Services (EIS) excels at complex turnaround and project execution for the refining and petrochemical industries. San Joaquin Refining Company Inc. Edible Oil Refinery Plant Manufacturers & Exporters. Refinery & transportation pipelines & companies 1918 old - KXJEJT from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. The Co-op Refinery Complex (CRC) aims to be a recognized leader in safety, reliability and sustainability within the petroleum-refining industry. Famous oil refining companies include the Koch Pipeline Company, and many others. They were forced to spend tens of millions of dollars fighting every environmental and local interest group, when that money could have gone into refinery development. The name of the refinery was also changed to Kern County Refinery, Inc. Oil companies also need to combine digital technologies to improve their impact. sweet and sour crudes. This demand made it essential for economic reasons that the crude oil was utilised completely. We have specialized in producing clean, potent and terpene-packed concentrates since our inception in 2014. Now that huge potential profits are possible through shale oil, companies are changing their business strategies that include dissolving those joint ventures and other partnership arrangements. The Bahrain National Oil Company (BANOCO), wholly owned by the Bahrain Government, and is the holding company for the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) Joint Ventures: Bahrain National Gas Co. Texaco Company Oil Refinery in Santiago, Cuba. The enormous BP Amoco Oil Refinery in Texas City was built in 1934 by a company called Pan-American Refinery, which was at the time a subsidiary of Standard Oil of Indiana. 1 million barrels per day, making it the largest global independent petroleum refiner -- tops among refiners that don't also drill for oil. It would import heavy crude oil from Venezuela, then refine it and distribute it throughout the United States. Aden Refinery company with its office located in little Aden At Al Buriqah district, Aden governorate, The republic of Yemen was basically owned by the British oil company (BP) who established and constructed it from 1952 to 1954 as the production had commenced on July 1954. Kentucky Oil & Refining Company retails petroleum products. Company Name: HAMMAN OIL & REFINING COMPANY Address: 3270 W MAIN ST HOUSTON, TX 77098 Phone: (713) 526-7417 National Activity for Hamman Oil & Refining Company. CNPC is also one of the largest oil and gas companies by revenue, with revenues of $326bn The company ranked #4 in Forbes' Global Fortune 500 from 2017-2019. 5— The Petroleum Refining Industry. are not benefitting from cheaper crude. Ranked as the largest refinery in Norway, it is medium sized for Europe. The United States Environmental Protection Agency states: "If properly managed, used oil is a valuable resource that can be used as a base stock for new lubricating oil…. James, Inc. It is simple-to-operate, easy-to-start, and easy-to-shut down. 5 Gazprom: 106. Edible Oil Refinery Plant Manufacturers & Exporters. 73 Exxon Mobil: 268. Company List. The refinery supplies 600-700 thousand tons of naphtha annually as a raw material for the thermal decomposition unit of the Angarsk polymer plant, which produces a wide range of petrochemical products, and is owned and operated by Rosneft. Refinery sites have the highest educated engineers, geologists, scientists and project managers money can buy. The crude oil is pumped into storage tanks before being processed. Saratov Oil & Refinery PJSC engages in the refining of crude oil and sale of petroleum products. The refinery, when it is completed will be the largest in West Africa. Total, energy producer and provider, is the world’s 4th-ranked international oil and gas company and a major player in low-carbon energies. All Plants are manufactured with the help of cutting-edge technology and hi-tech machines. 8) in the world having businesses across the hydrocarbon value chain from refining to. The areas of activity of the different Hunt companies include oil and gas exploration and production, refining, LNG, power, real estate, investments, ranching and infrastructure. 5 million tons. , Refining Operations 10. companies that refine over 95 percent of the Nation's petroleum refining capacity. Refineries are commonly faced with the growing challenge of keeping up with uptime, budget and regulatory requirements despite aging equipment. Valero Wilmington Asphalt Refinery. AZZAWIYA OIL REFINERY COMPANY INC is a company based out of Azzawiya Oil Refining Building 45 Km West Of Tripoli, , Azzawiya, Libya. Used engine oil can be recycled and re-refined. Southern Oil Refining is a private, 100% Australian owned company operating nationally. , a division of Standard Oil, took over retail branding. The Shaw Group Inc. · Al Jaz Urges Oil Companies Accelerate Efforts. Tirumalla Oil Refinery Private Limited is a Private incorporated on 28 January 2015. Our approach to sustainability begins with maintaining a safe, responsible and profitable enterprise. 100% North American Crude Oil. Welcome to Green Mamba Oil Refinery. This statistic shows the United States' ten largest oil and gas companies based on market value in 2019. , Refining Operations 10. Petroleum refineries convert crude oil and other liquids into many petroleum products that people use every day. Aside from these monetary and non-monetary aspects, the metrics for an oil refining company is also greatly applicable to the profitability, environmental safety and business value. Refining is a very energy-intensive industry. Malaysia holds a total refining capacity of 27 million MT per year. Techint comprises more than 100 companies operating worldwide in the following areas of business: Engineering and Construction, Steel, Oil and Gas, Industrial Plants, Healthcare. 5 million-barrel-a-day oil pipeline running to the coast. Furthermore, the more profitable ones, starting with Middle East Oil Refinery (MIDOR), will be listed on the exchange to raise funds for future developments for the eight other state-run oil refining companies. Case studies of products and services provided by Azbil Corporation and other azbil Group companies are presented. (Banagas) is owned 75% by the government of Bahrain, 12. Sunoco, then under different ownership, acquired both plants in 1988 and 1994. Construction of the Tuban Oil Refinery will use a petrochemical configuration that is integrated with PT Trans Pacific Petrochemical Indotama. Warri Refinery. 7 Markets for specific products change constant-ly, and existing refineries are modified or new refineries are built to accommodate such changes. American Made Gasoline Driving America! #N#Country Fair, Inc. See more pictures of oil fields and refining. High-performance, continuous filament pitch carbon fiber in nonwoven mats, chopped, milled and micronised form, for filtration, construction and a wide range of industrial applications. BP today set a new ambition to become a net zero company by 2050 or sooner, and to help the world get to net zero. The healthiest of all commercially. Oil and Gas Refining and Marketing. We refine the oil that is produced by other ADNOC companies, and operate the largest single refinery in the Middle East. *Marathon Carson and Wilmington began reporting as one entity as of 2019. The refinery will have a refining capacity of 60,000 barrels per day, relying on crude oil from Uganda. Malaysia holds a total refining capacity of 27 million MT per year. “The project requires $ 5 billion investment. Warri Refinery is located at Warri, Delta State and it is the second highest oil refinery in Nigeria in terms of plate capacity. This industry includes companies engaged in the operation of oil and gas refineries for the production and sale of gasoline, kerosene, jet fuel, diesel oil, heating fuels, lubricants, as well as. BP’s chief executive officer, Bernard Looney, sets out a vision for BP as he announces. International Oil and Gas Companies Domestic Companies This is a non-exhaustive list. The energy sector is commonly divided into three areas: upstream, midstream and downstream. San Joaquin Refining Company Inc. 2 Other elements 0 ‐0. Oil Refinery Jobs Airswift is an international workforce solutions provider within the energy, process and infrastructure industries. Other products include heating oil, jet fuel, olefins feedstocks, aromatics, lubricants and petroleum coke. The low-stress way to find your next oil refinery job opportunity is on SimplyHired. Surgutneftegas OJSC. Information for AEC professionals on the construction of oil refineries, including estimated project costs, listings of companies specializing in oil refinery construction, and building products used in the construction of oil refineries. Company List. Optimizing the hedging strategy for oil refining companies 7 2. The Vadinar refinery (in Gujarat) is India's second largest single-site, state of the art refinery, which constitutes approximately 8% of India's refining capacity. For instance, a complex refinery may have 10 to 20 significant processing units, but typically we see the largest value created in crude units, FCCUs, hydrocrackers, and delayed cokers. UPDATE 3-Worker at California's largest oil refinery tests positive for coronavirus -sources Jim Cramer says he could see '9 or 10' oil companies going bankrupt if. Tesoro bought it in 2017 as part of its $4. Petroleum Refining Co, Latonia, Kenton Co. The Mexican state-owned petroleum company Petróleos Mexicanos, also known as Pemex, had a crude oil refining capacity of 1. Sourcing Guide for Oil Refinery: China manufacturing industries are full of strong and consistent exporters. Techint comprises more than 100 companies operating worldwide in the following areas of business: Engineering and Construction, Steel, Oil and Gas, Industrial Plants, Healthcare. Total refining capacity across the United States fell by more than 18,000 barrels per day (bpd) in 2017 to 18. Integrated Oil and Gas. The two locations make up crucial links in the world’s energy supply chain. Flint Hills Resources is a recipient of the. Nigerian Petroleum Development Company - Lagos. Mozyr is known as a center of oil refining, machine building, and food processing in Belarus. (Natural gases contain much less sulphur and therefore are safer. Fill your diesel storage tanks and shut the plant down until it’s needed again. SOCAR carried out nearly 26 thousand meters 5 of drilling work, including about 9 000 meters 6 in March. Murphy Company is one of the industry's top oil refinery construction companies. Aetna Refinery Co. Texas Refinery Corp has a long history of developing and manufacturing premium maintenance products with one thought in mind… unprecedented quality for our customers. WRB Refining LLC operates as a 50/50 joint venture between ConocoPhillips and Cenovus Energy (Calgary). Atlantic Refining, whose predecessor firms date back to the 1850s, was incorporated in 1870 and, after 1892, became one of the eastern companies of the Standard Oil Trust. Throughout the U. Memorandum of Association for Oil Refinery Company-SECP. Continental Refining Company offers Home Heating Oil to wholesale and commercial customers. · Oil Ministry, Saudi Company Discuss Exploration. Aside from these monetary and non-monetary aspects, the metrics for an oil refining company is also greatly applicable to the profitability, environmental safety and business value. Western Cape. • Li Ka-shing owns the most stake in Husky. The merger of Exxon and Mobil in 1999 resulted in the renaming of the company’s Torrance refinery  as the. June 26, 2019. Companies should only be invested in when their products are profitable, but many private refiners’ profitability remains in question, he added. See more of our latest thinking on refining and petrochemicals. Umm Al-Narr Refinery (Abu Dhabi Oil Refining Company), 90,000 bpd Jebel Ali Refinery (Emirate Oil), 120,000 bpd Hamriyah Sharjah Refinery (Sharjah Oil), 75,000 bpd. Base Oil, the base for all lubricants, is nearly twice as valuable as Petrol or Diesel and it is scarce – it is only 1% of a crude oil refinery’s output. 2 billion which includes the refinery and inventory. (734010-M) with registered M&A to conduct businesses in upstream exploration, development and production of crude oil and natural gas all the way to downstream oil refining, international marketing, production and distribution of petrochemicals and bio fuel. Physical Address: 3001 Marshall Ave. Wilson's undated map shows this as the Oleum Refining Company. Every day, our employees work around the clock to reliably and safely deliver the chemicals, polymers, fuels and technologies that advance solutions to our world's biggest challenges. By Rachel Ramirez and Emily Pontecorvo on Jan 23, 2020. It is home to one of the largest oil refineries in Belarus, pumping out 18 million metric tons per year!. It is the parent company of CITGO Petroleum, which owns Lake Charles. They decided to get into the refining business and easily obtained a lease to the shut-down refinery at Lyon's Station from the financially troubled Los Angeles Petroleum Refining Company. Companies that refine oil manufacture it into a number of petroleum products, including gasoline, jet fuel and diesel. Construction of the Tuban Oil Refinery will use a petrochemical configuration that is integrated with PT Trans Pacific Petrochemical Indotama. Valero Wilmington Asphalt Refinery. We have the ability to provide welding for a wide range of materials, including carbon steel, stainless steel, Inconel, titanium, Monel, and Hastelloy. Petroleum refining and marketing (R&M) is the second link in Reliance's drive for growth and global leadership in the core energy and materials value chain. There are various processes involved which include heating and chemical reactions. Nigerian Petroleum Development Company - Lagos. Mailing address. The oil refinery plant was originally set to operate in 2019, with the company bringing in oil from the Middle East to be refined until Cambodia has its own oil to send to the refinery. He was the second person to die in the blast and ensuing fire on Thursday, March 27, 1969 at the refinery at 24721 S. The aggregate capacity of these refineries is 84. said Monday it is selling the plant following months of speculation. Strategic Petroleum Reserve, and on-site company-owned marine docks for receiving crude oil supplies. Goyum, are pioneer in designing & manufacturing of Used Engine Oil Re-Refining Plant Turnkey Project. San Joaquin Refining Company Inc. For safety inspector Charles Ramirez, March 23 got off to a good start. They decided to get into the refining business and easily obtained a lease to the shut-down refinery at Lyon's Station from the financially troubled Los Angeles Petroleum Refining Company. This facility has a capacity of 1 million. Refineries typically have these departments: Operations - they operate the refinery units and try to make target production Maintenance - they fix broken equipment and try to persuade operations to use procedures that prevent breaking equipment En. Continued growth of refining capacity is largely a function of local government support in an effort to boost economic development, said Wang Lining, head of oil market research at the CNPC ETRI. The Co-op Refinery Complex (CRC) aims to be a recognized leader in safety, reliability and sustainability within the petroleum-refining industry. Sunoco, then under different ownership, acquired both plants in 1988 and 1994. com's offering. This article will give an overview of the top oil and gas companies based on production volume. Western owns and operates three refineries with a total crude oil throughput capacity of approximately 246,500 barrels per day (bpd), producing primarily high-value light products such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel. Finally, Kazakhstan's state oil company, Kazakhoil (now Kazmunaigaz) purchased 60% of the Kherson oil refinery in November 2001. Aden Refinery company with its office located in little Aden At Al Buriqah district, Aden governorate, The republic of Yemen was basically owned by the British oil company (BP) who established and constructed it from 1952 to 1954 as the production had commenced on July 1954. net that oil markets were set for chaos in June, followed by turmoil in stocks in December, proved remarkably accurate. Texas Refinery Corp has a long history of developing and manufacturing premium maintenance products with one thought in mind… unprecedented quality for our customers. The oil refinery plant was originally set to operate in 2019, with the company bringing in oil from the Middle East to be refined until Cambodia has its own oil to send to the refinery. Reskilling and redeploying the refining workforce is crucial for future competitiveness and achieving transformational value. Read employee reviews and ratings on Glassdoor to decide if SAUDI ARAMCO TOTAL OIL REFINING & PETROCHEMICAL COMPANY, SATORP is right for you. 29 texas oil refinery jobs available in Texas. These transactions. Find oil refinery companies stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Our results have been: Since March 2000, the Agency has entered into 37 settlements with U. CALGARY – A little-known, TSX-Venture listed company plans to tear down a refinery that has sat idle for 17 years and rebuild it as a re-refinery, making it the first used oil refinery in Alberta. Incorporated in May 2006, Malaysia Oil Refinery Sdn. An independent petroleum refiner in the United States with operations throughout the mid-continent, southwestern and Rocky Mountain regions. Redefining Re-Refining AVISTA OIL operates a state-of-the-art re-refinery in Peachtree City, GA. The Tuban Oil Refinery is a new oil refinery construction project, with a production capacity of 300 thousand barrels per day. Most refineries focus on producing transportation fuels. BP Oil Company Toledo Refinery 4001 Cedar Point Rd Oregon OH 43616. Worldwide Refining. Last week, the Iraqi Oil Ministry picked an American oil company, Orion, to produce gas from a southern oilfield. The company’s vision is to be an innovative international hydrocarbon processing company of choice. Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia’s state-owned oil company, now has 100 percent control of the largest refinery in North America. *Marathon Carson and Wilmington began reporting as one entity as of 2019. Five of these core refineries – in Singapore, Thailand, South Korea, and Richmond and El Segundo, California – manufacture products for countries in the Pacific Basin. Apache Refinery Services is proud to be your source for design modification, quick turnarounds, full service installations and maintenance, and part & component replacement. Light distillate oil refining market is anticipated to witness significant growth owing to expanding middle class population coupled with rising disposable income. is the flagship entity of the entire Hunt family of companies, a privately owned group of entities based in Dallas, Texas. US Oil began operating the refinery on Tacoma’s industrial port in the 1950s, but on November 28, 2018, its owners sold the facility to a company called Par Pacific Holdings for $340 million. The two locations make up crucial links in the world’s energy supply chain. Mini Oil Refinery. , in exchange for $1. Integrated Oil and Gas. This research report analyzes this market on the basis of its market segments, major geographies, and current market trends. Maybe you saw one near a freeway in California, Louisiana, or Texas? The average person would be hard-pressed to say that a refinery is an attractive structure with all their steel towers and tubes and pipes. Oil Refinery II was built in 1981 with a design capacity of 220,000 BOPD. In 1998, to meet the growing demand for fuels and lube oil, the refinery underwent a Debottlenecking Project which increased its crude oil processing capacity to 218,000 BOP. list in January 2016 as part of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action; listed (as NIORDC - Esfahan Oil Refining Company) by the. Memorandum of Association for Oil Refinery Company-SECP. A wholly owned company of the Government of Dubai, ENOC was initially established in 1993. General Knowledge Lists: The list of Top 10 Largest Refining Companies In USA as per Oil and Gas Journal, 2010-11. The Company was founded by longtime resident and well-known oil & gas pioneer in North Dakota Mr. Sunoco, then under different ownership, acquired both plants in 1988 and 1994. Refining is a very energy-intensive industry. , simultaneously. (Natural gases contain much less sulphur and therefore are safer. IndianOil is the only organization in India with an extensive experience of performing the TAM of the entire refinery at one go that includes all the Process Units, Utilities, Off-sites, etc. ExxonMobil reported average petroleum product sales of 5. Compared with their high-water marks in mid-2014, Big Oil shares are down about 25% and. Notes: PBF Energy Company LLC on Tuesday, March 1, 2011, announced that its subsidiary, Toledo Refining Company LLC, has completed its purchase of the Toledo Refinery in Ohio from Sunoco, Inc. Small Oil Refinery. This is the U S Oil & Refining company profile. The Dangote refinery will process a variety of light and medium grades of crude to produce Euro-V quality clean fuels including gasoline and diesel as well as jet fuel and polypropylene. List of oil refineries 1 List of oil refineries This is a list of oil refineries. Surgutneftegas OJSC. Ergon is a company that works. The main technological challenges in oil refining today relate to thoroughgoing modernisation of refining facilities — something all Russian oil companies are now having to address. In 1998, to meet the growing demand for fuels and lube oil, the refinery underwent a Debottlenecking Project which increased its crude oil processing capacity to 218,000 BOP. This article approaches refinery modelling from the point of view of what linear programming can represent and how this relates to what really goes on in a refinery. Takallam provides a facility to report any behavior by our employees, contractors or. net that oil markets were set for chaos in June, followed by turmoil in stocks in December, proved remarkably accurate. But the IT equipment is sub par and my 12yr old has better tech. Clark Oil Trading Company, specializing in #6 Oil and other heavy petroleum products. Hunt Refining Company is a privately held petroleum refiner headquartered in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. In 1969, when DX Sunray and Sun Oil Co. Most of these have operations in Louisiana, either as wholly owned facilities such as the Baton. Acquired by Lion Oil Company (an affiliate of Delek US Holdings, Inc. #N#Over 30 independently owned locations operated under our Keystone brand. , Canada, the U. oil refinery in nearly 40 years on 200 acres of South Texas ranch land, strategically located to process the Eagle Ford shale field’s lighter crude and export it to Mexico. 9 Lukoil: 144. Related industries Any country. A waste oil refinery, Pioneer Oil Refining Co. Tallaboa Peñuelas, PR 00624. Catalog of Modular Oil Refinery. The group, on its website said, its facility in Vadinagar in Jamnagar is the second largest single-site refinery of the country. Our technology creates opportunity for many regions and industries to be part of the solution, while creating local employment and reducing the environmental impact of waste oil. Refined petroleum products are not only a primary source of energy for homes and businesses but also are fundamental to a thriving transport industry. Edible oil refinery or vegetable oil refinery is essential to ensure removal of gums, waxes, phosphatides and free fatty acid (F.